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Legal Research Skills Guide: Footnotes


AGLC4 is a footnote referencing style - this means that citations are inserted into a footnote at the bottom of page.  An advantage of using a footnote system is you can include additional information in the footnote that isn't appropriate to include in the body of the text.

How to use Footnotes

In AGLC4 footnotes should  

  • be numbered consecutively
  • have the footnote number placed at the end of the text to which the corresponding footnote refers
  • have the footnote number appear after any relevant punctuation (,/.)
  • have a semicolon (;) between multiple sources in the one footnote
  • have a full stop at the end of the footnote

You'll find instructions on how to insert a footnote in Word on the Microsoft Support pages

Footnote example

Some judges have argued that a presumption of advancement applies wherever there is a ‘greater prima facie probability of a beneficial interest being intended’.1


This situation is likely to occur in the rarest of cases, since the court can always make a judgement about the relative credibility of evidence given by living parties.22


1 Wirth v Wirth (1956) 98 CLR 228, 237 (Dixon CJ). See also Calverley v Green (1984) 155 CLR 242, 250 (Gibbs CJ).

22 In Gissing v Gissing [1971] AC 886, 907, Lord Diplock commented that presumptions are easily rebutted if both parties are still alive and capable of giving evidence.

AGLC4: Footnotes