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Medicine: Referencing

Vancouver Referencing – AMA/JAMA style 11th edition

For full information on this style please refer to AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.).

In summary, Vancouver referencing style includes:

  • In-text citation - a superscripted number in running order for each reference within the text. 
  • Reference List- detailed citations at the end of your document in the same order as they appeared in the text.  

Points to note:

  • Authors are listed with the last name followed by initials. There is no full stop or space between the initials and there’s a comma after each author.
  • If there are fewer than 6 authors, list them all. If there are more than 6, list the first 3 authors followed by “et al.”
  • Journal names are abbreviated according to the searchable NML catalogue.  
  • Include a DOI wherever it is available

EXAMPLES for common reference types:

Journal articles: 

Author(s). Article title. Abbreviated Journal Name. Year;vol(issue):inclusive pages. doi: (if provided) 

In-text:             …Udovicich et alfound…

Reference list: 1. Udovicich C, Perera K, Leahy C. Anaemia in school-aged children in an Australian Indigenous community. Aust J Rural Health. 2017;25(5):285-289. doi:10.1111/ajr.12338

Print Books 

Author(s). Book Title. Xth ed. Publisher’s name; copyright year.

In-text:             … In Cambridge History of Medicine2 …

Reference list: 2. Porter R. The Cambridge History of Medicine. Cambridge University Press; 2006.

Electronic books

Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if second edition or later). Publisher’s name; copyright year. Accessed [date]. URL (or DOI, if provided) 

In-text:             … Iron deficiency anaemia3 is caused by…

Reference list: 3. Greenhalgh T. Primary Health Care: Theory and Practice. John Wiley & Sons ; 2007. Accessed January 19, 2021.


Author (or name of the organization responsible for the site). Title (or, if no title is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the website. Published [date]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date]. URL

In-text:             … Hospital admissions can be prevented4… 

  Reference list: 4. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Potentially preventable hospitalisations in Australia by age  groups and small geographic areas, 2017–18. Updated November 13 2019. Accessed January 19 2021.


EndNote is a bibliographic management software provided to you free by Charles Sturt Library. You can use it to:

  • store and manage references
  • store and manage PDF copies of articles
  • insert in-text citations and reference-list entries in an essay.

For more information about how to download and use EndNote, go to the EndNote Library Guide.

Other Guides to Vancouver AMA style

Detailed Instructions

You can find detailed instructions on how to reference in the following chapter:

JAMA Network Editors. References. In: JAMA Network Editors. AMA Manual of Style : A Guide for Authors and Editors. 11th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press USA; 2019; 82-112. Accessed January  18, 2021.

Journal Title Abbreviation

Journal names are abbreviated in JAMA/AMA. You can search for the journal title (or ISSN) using the NLM catalogue, and use the NML Title Abbreviation.