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ENM109 Research Skills Guide: Understanding your reading list

Interpreting Citations

Recommended readings in your subject site can give you an idea of the type of resources that your lecturer values.

Distinguishing between citations for books, book chapters, journal articles and websites can help you to search for the items in Primo Search, Google Scholar, or Journal Databases.

Below we list some of the most common resources and their citation structure when formatted in the APA 7th style.

Book citation structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Book title in italics. Edition in parentheses. Publisher.Book chapter citation structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Chapter title. Editor/s. Book title in italics. Edition and page numbers in parentheses. Publisher.Journal article citation structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Article title. Journal title in italics. Volume in italics, issue in parentheses. Page numbers. DOI.Webpage citation structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Title of work in italics. Title of site. URL.

Using Primo Search to Find Readings

Primo Search is the best place to search for an item when you already know the details. But you need to be careful in what you put in the search box.

If you paste in the whole citation you will usually get no results. Sometimes, the LESS you put in the BETTER.

  • For a journal article, search for the article title. Put the main phrase from the article in double quotation marks.
  • For a book, search for the book title - if you get too many results, add an author surname.
  • For a book chapter, you can try searching by the chapter title, but you might need to search by the book title.

Reserve and eReserve

In Primo Search, Reserve and eReserve items are high-demand items that your lecturer wants to be easily available to you:

  • Reserve items are usually books and are for use in the library on short term loan only.
  • eReserve items are usually book chapters or journal articles and are available as PDF directly from Primo Search.

You can find these items by going to Advanced Search and searching by your subject code:

In Primo Search Advanced Search, the drop-down menu that defaults to "Any field" can be changed to "Subject Code"