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Finding Information for Speech Pathology: Evaluating Information

A Library Guide to help with developing research projects in speech pathology (SPH516, SPH526, & SPH423)

The need to evaluate information

So, you have found books, articles, and maybe even some web resources.

How can you tell whether these resources are suitable for your assessment? Are they scholarly or reliable and authoritative? Have you been asked to use peer reviewed/refereed articles?

The videos and accompanying text summaries below will help you with strategies to:

  • evaluate Library resources and web resources
  • find peer reviewed articles.

Evaluate information (The CRAP Test)

Use this test - the CRAP Test - to make a decision about the value of the information you hve found ...


Is it current enough for your topic?

A general rule is to use resources published in the last 5 years.


Is the source reputable? Is it peer reviewed?

Does the creator provide references?

Do those references pass the CRAP test?


Who is the creator or author?

What are their qualifications?

Are they an expert in the field?


Is it fact or opinion?

Is it biased or balanced?

Is the creator trying to sell you something?

Evaluate internet resources

The website domain provides you a hint as to the reliability of the website at which you are looking.

.edu (educational institution)

.gov (government)

These are more likely to be reliable and unbiased.

.org (non-profit organisation)

.asn (non-commercial organisation)

Sometimes these organisations may show a bias toward one side of a topic.

.com (commercial site)

.net (network)

Critically evaluate these sites as they may be unreliable.


The CRAP Test - Video

This video will show you how to apply the CRAP Test to information ...

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