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Copyright @ Charles Sturt University: For Students

Charles Sturt University Copyright Guidelines

Copying the work of others

The work of others is protected by copyright. You generally need permission to copy another person's work, to perform works in public, adapt or email a copy, or, upload it to the web.  The Copyright Act describes some exceptions, under which you can copy a reasonable portion of the work of others without their permission for the purpose of:

  • research or study; criticism or review; parody or satire; reporting the news; judicial proceedings

These are the Fair Dealing exceptions. Students can rely on the first two defences to copy for their own use or for assessment, but cannot communicate or publish further without gaining the permission of the copyright owner.

Further information:

How much can you copy?

The Fair Dealing provisions of the Act allow you to make a single copy of a reasonable portion for your own use or include with an assessment for the purpose of Research or Study, Criticism or Review. 


  • 1 chapter or up to 10% of the pages in a book
  • 10% of the words in an unpaginated work (such as electronic resource with no page numbering)
  • one article in an issue of a journal, more than one if they are required for the same course of study or research
  • up to 15 pages from an anthology
  • pictures, animations, graphics and diagrams may be copied also
  • reasonable portion of a sound recording or video (amount not specified, provided use is fair)
  • Australian radio or television broadcast

Articles can not be posted to the forum or emailed to other students, it is OK to provide links or references.

Charles Sturt University provides access to electronic books, journals and audiovisual material for education and research use. Use of these resources is governed by licence agreements which restrict use to current University students and staff.   

You can copy, print or download electronic resources for your private study and research. If you wish to publish or use these resources for any other purpose you will need to obtain permission from the copyright owners. Contact the publisher for further information.

Your Own Work

Students own copyright in their own original work produced as part of their Charles Sturt University course (Charles Sturt University Intellectual Property Policy). This means the use of their work is protected by the Australian Copyright Act, 1968.  Academic staff should request written permission from students to copy and communicate their works for teaching purposes.

Ownership of copyright in works produced as a result of funded research should be negotiated as part of the funding agreement.  Ownership in commissioned works such as photographs can be negotiated.

Use music for study and assessments

Charles Sturt University has a musical licence that allows students to:

  • Play musical works in class as part of educational activities for educational purposes
  • Make recordings of university events that include musical works performed in any format for private and domestic purposes only - they can't be used for commercial, promotional activities or social media
  • Synchronise musical works or sound recording[s] with video recordings of course-related activity that includes:
  • Student analysis of musical works as part of a course related activity.
  • Course-related activities where musical works used are for educational purposes.
  • Use legitimate commercial music released within Australia

Students can also use Open Access licensed music such as CCMixter - you must comply with the tracks Creative Commons licence conditions.

Copyright on the Internet

Material found on the internet is protected by copyright.  Most legitimate sites allow users to download material for their own use, check the terms of use statement. Some sites may licence material under an Open Access or Creative Commons licence in which case you can use it according to the terms of the licence. If you want to use material in a way not permitted in the terms of use, contact the website owner to request permission. 

Caution: Infringing material is that which has been copied and uploaded to the Internet without the permission of the copyright owner.

Copyright video

This short film on copyright by Federation University Australia in collaboration with GoTAFE is aimed at students in raising awareness towards copyright and improving their understanding of copyright.


Charles Sturt University acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands on which its campuses are located, paying respect to Elders, both past and present, and extend that respect to all First Nations Peoples.Acknowledgement of Country

Charles Sturt University is an Australian University, TEQSA Provider Identification: PRV12018. CRICOS Provider: 00005F.