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NRS328 Research Skills Guide: The CRAP Test

The CRAP Test

Use the CRAP Test to evaluate any resources you want to use in your assessments.

Criteria Ask Yourself Example
  • When was the information published?
  • Does currency matter for this topic?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?
  • When was the webpage last updated?

Topic: History of educational theories (older resources might be appropriate)


Topic: Social media in health care (older resources might not be appropriate)

  • Who published the information?
  • Is the source reputable? Is it peer reviewed?
  • Does the creator provide references and are those references credible?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

A satirical news website (eg. Betoota Advocate)


A not-for-profit media group sourcing content from academics and researchers (eg. The Conversation)

  • Who is the creator or author? Sources without an author may be less credible
  • What are their qualifications, affiliations and experience?
  • Are they an expert in the field?

A blog article written by a self-appointed and so-called expert 


A peer-reviewed article written by a team of university academics

  • Why was the information published and who is the intended audience?
  • Is the creator trying to sell, inform, entertain, persuade?
  • Is it fact or opinion?
  • Is it biased or balanced?

A webpage on diabetes from a pharmacy company that produces drugs to treat diabetes. (The company might have a vested interest.)


Diabetes information from a government website such as the Australian Institute of Health & Welfare (AIHW). (They have no vested interest.)

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