Evidence Based Practice was first defined by Dr David Sackett in the 1990s, but a more recent definition has it as
“integrating the best available research evidence with clinical expertise and the patient’s unique values and circumstances” (Straus, Glasziou, Richardson, & Haynes, 2011).
And "it also requires the health professional to take into account characteristics of the practice context in which they work" (Hoffman, Bennett, & Mar, 2016, p. 4).
- The best research evidence is usually from relevant research that has been carried out using sound methodology.
- Clinical expertise is a combination of the clinician’s experience, education and clinical skills.
- The patient has his/her own personal preferences, concerns, expectations, and values.
- The practice context includes characteristics of the situation in which the interaction between patient and health professional is taking place - for example, the resources available.
Evidence-Based Practice has been expanded from Evidence-Based Medicine to apply to many other health professions.