Evidence Based Practice was first defined by Dr David Sackett in the 1990s, but a more recent definition is:
“integrating the best available research evidence with clinical expertise and the patient’s unique values and circumstances” (Straus, Glasziou, Richardson, & Haynes, 2011).
In addition, it "...requires the health professional to take into account characteristics of the practice context in which they work" (Hoffman, Bennett, & Mar, 2016, p.4).
Evidence-Based Practice has expanded from the original Evidence-Based Medicine to apply to other health professions and many other disciplines such as librarianship and education.
There are various models for listing the steps in the Evidence-Based Practice process. Here is a common 5-step approach:
|1||Ask the question - Express the problem as a clinical question|
|2||Acquire the evidence - Find evidence-based research to address the question|
|3||Appraise the evidence - Critically appraise the evidence to assess its validity|
|4||Apply the evidence - to the patient or the problem|
|5||Re-evaluate the evidence - Assess and audit the process|
Charles Sturt University acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands on which its campuses are located, paying respect to Elders, both past and present, and extend that respect to all First Nations Peoples.