Hi. I'm June, your embedded librarian and this guide has been created to help you with your research for INF111

Each section introduces the steps you should take when researching for an assessment. You'll find links to videos and resources that will give you the tools to find great information. Use the activities on the test your knowledge tab to see what you need to revise.

If you would like an introduction to our Library website and services check out:

Getting started with your assessment

The first thing is to make sure you clearly understand the task and what topic you are seeking information for, this is called topic analysis. Check your assessment task details in your Subject Outline.

With an understanding of your task you then need to plan how you will search for information. This starts with identifying and brainstorming keywords.

From assessment item 3:

Keywords Synonyms or related terms
extended realities AR, VR, MR, augmented reality, immersive technology, mixed reality, interactive environments...
wearable technologies wearables, smartwatch, VR headset, fitness tracker...
digitisation for preservation digital preservation, interoperability, metadata, open science, heritage science...
Internet of Things IoT, internet, smartphone, smartwatch, connected device, cloud computing...
robotics automation, automated machine, robot, android, automaton, engineering...
artificial intelligence AI, generative AI, ChatGPT, natural language processing, NLP, virtual assistant...

Does your task place any limits? These might be "in the last X years" or Australian content.

For guidance in topic analysis check out:

Reference resources

For background information, definitions and help with keywords, try these comprehensive online reference resources:

Choose the right place to search

Before you start searching, think about what types of information you need and where you can search to find those types of resources.

Primo Search

Primo Search is a good place to start as it allows you to use one search box to bring back results from most of our Library collection including books, eBooks, journal articles, newspaper articles and more. You may get a large number of results and some of these will be from outside your subject/discipline area. Check the content is relevant to your assessment task before you use it.

Library databases

Databases will help you find academic resources and are often subject specific. You will get fewer results than Primo, but they will be more relevant to your subject/discipline. 

I recommend trying the following database:

The Information & Library Studies list has more databases you can search.


Learn how to search efficiently in Primo and Library databases:

Create a search strategy

When you search using Primo Search or a library database use the keywords and limits you identified above to create your search. Combine the keywords with search operators, rather than searching with a whole sentence or question. Search operators tell Primo or the database how to search with your keywords.

For your assessment topic potential search strings could include:

  • (librar* OR archiv* OR "information agency") AND histor*
  • (technology OR digital) AND trend
  • ("artificial intelligence" OR AI) AND (librarian OR "information professional") AND (impact OR opportunity)

Remember: you will need to try a range of searches. Don't stop after just one.

To understand how search operators work check out:

Using the internet

You will need to use the internet to locate reputable websites to use in your assessments.

When using Google, the following search strategies will help you find more relevant results:

Google search strategy Example
Use a minus sign to exclude words (a NOT search) "information agency" -archives
Use the pipe symbol in place of OR library|archive
Search only on web pages that have a specific domain extension site:gov.au; site:edu.au; site:abs.gov.au
Find a page that links to another page link:sydney.edu.au
Search a number range to retrieve results from only those years 2010..2015
Retrieve a definition of a word define:archive
Limit your search to retrieving only documents in a particular format filetype:pdf; filetype:doc
Search news archives back to the mid 1880's via Google news archive search Use the dropdown to filter your results - try "19th century"


Using credible information will improve the quality of your assessment and may result in better marks, but how can you tell whether the resources you've found are credible and suitable for your assessment? Have you been asked to use peer reviewed, academic or refereed articles? Are you using authoritative websites?

The information below will help you evaluate the information you find, in books, journal articles, or online to make sure it’s reliable.

Reading, writing and referencing

The Academic Skills team can help you to build your writing, referencing and reading skills to be successful at Charles Sturt.

Explore resources from the Academic Skills team in the Learning Skills section of the Student Portal.

Here are some pages to get you started:

For assessment item 2 you are to prepare an annotated bibliography. Get started with these resources from Academic Skills:

Using AI

Have you been asked to use Generative AI Tools (GAITs) in your assessment? Or are you thinking of using GAITs for research and study? 

Make sure you are aware of the risks associated with using GAITs:

  • Academic integrity
  • Plagiarism
  • Inaccurate content
  • Intellectual property
  • Privacy concerns.

For more information see:

Microsoft Copilot

Microsoft Copilot is a chat interface that uses ChatGPT 4 to generate answers based on questions or prompts that you write.

Copilot is free, does not require a login and provides real-time information and citations. To learn more check out the Digital Skills modules.

Keen for more?

If you're interested in finding out more, check out the following: