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NRS538 Research Skills Guide: Referencing


The Referencing at Charles Sturt University webpage has lots of helpful information about referencing including links to the following resources:

  • Charles Sturt University Guide to APA Referencing
  • Charles Sturt University Example of an APA Reference List
  • Academic Referencing Tool
  • APA Style Blog

The main referencing style at Charles Sturt University is APA though this is not the only style used at the University and you should check with your lecturer if you are unsure.

What's different in APA 7?

For those of you who have mastered APA 6th edition over the years, you will discover that things have changed slightly with the 7th edition, which you are now expected to use.  Please do check the Charles Sturt University Guide to Referencing, and if possible print out the summary so you always have it near you. If you'd like an overview of what has changed, you can see good summary here.

The main differences (mostly very welcome) are:

  • For books, the publisher location is no longer included in the reference
  • The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is now able to have one author and et al, right from the first time it's cited
  • In the reference list, you have to include the names of up to 20 authors (up from 7 previously)
  • DOIs are formatted as URLS, without the label DOI.  Eg.
  • URLs don't have to be preceded by "Retrieved from" (unless a retrieval dated is needed). Include the website name, and italicise the web page title.
  • eBooks don't have to include the platform in the reference, but use the publisher.

what is referencing?


Here are 3 more guides to referencing. They present information in different ways.

The APA Style blog can be an additional handy resource for difficult or unusual referencing situations.

Also, this Referencing Guide from Edith Cowan University is very comprehensive and covers many different examples.

Academic Writer is the APA's official online resource for writing and referencing in APA style.

Charles Sturt University acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands on which its campuses are located, paying respect to Elders, both past and present, and extend that respect to all First Nations Peoples.