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Evidence-Based Practice: More Resources on Step 1: Ask

More Resources on Asking the Clinical Question

Library Guides

  • Evidence-Based Practice: PICO
    Includes information on PICO, question types, and study types (Duke University Medical Center Library & Archives).



Cooke, A., Smith, D., & Booth, A. (2012). Beyond PICO: The SPIDER tool for qualitative evidence synthesis. Qualitative Health Research, 22(10), 1435-1443.

Schlosser, R. W., Koul, R., & Costello, J. (2007). Asking well-built questions for evidence-based practice in augmentative and alternative communication. Journal of communication disorders40(3), 225–238.



  • PICO for Evidence-Based Medicine (University of Sydney)
    Talks about PICO as a "mnemonic" for breaking a research question down into distinct concepts that can be used in searching