A topic analysis will help you to clarify and understand what your assessment question is asking you to do.
You should be able to break down the assessment task into three components:
Imagine your assessment task is as follows:
Discuss one challenge for a midwife in providing care using a person-centred approach in a rural hospital.
|Qualifying words & phrases||Rural hospital|
|Key concept||Challenges for midwives using person-centred care|
Let's take this further. Before start searching for journal articles, books or other evidence to support your answer, jot down some key words and phrases to use as search terms. In this example, they might be:
You should also try to identify synonyms (alternative terms) or, sometimes, broader terms to use in your search:
|midwives||nurses / health professionals [broader terms]|
|person-centred care||client-centred care / patient-centred care [synonyms]|
|rural||country / regional / remote [synonyms]|
If you are confused or unsure about the assessment topic, check with your lecturer or tutor.
Dictionaries and encyclopaedias can help you to find additional keywords and get an overview of the concept.
Oxford Reference Online is a huge repository of subject-specific dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and other reference-type material.