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JST495 Research Skills Guide: Use Google & Google Scholar

Using Google Scholar

Google Scholar allows you to locate resources such as articles, theses and books.

Unlike Primo Search, which is set to search the Library's holdings only, Google Scholar searches beyond Charles Sturt University Library and will include resources that are not available to you.

Set up Library Links to access the Library's online resources using these instructions.

why use Google?

The Internet is a great place to locate background information and additional resources outside of scholarly publications. These resources, often referred to as grey literature, can include information about government departments, consumer issues, companies, statistics, latest news and more.

Because anyone can publish anything on the internet, there is a lot of information to sift through when searching the web and you can also end up with a lot of irrelevant and/or unreliable information.

However, there are some tips and tricks you can implement to make the most out of Google Search and improve the relevance and quality of your results. These strategies are slightly different to those offered in Primo Search and journal databases.

While Google Search does offer an Advanced Search, which you might like to use, you can use these strategies within the basic search box to provide you with the same control.

Search Strategies

You can use these strategies to search effectively in Google and Google Scholar.

Search for an exact phrase, or match

Put your search terms in quotation marks

"climate change"
Exclude a word from your search

Put a dash - before any word you want to exclude

Port corrosion -phone
Include both terms in your results

Put a + before any word that you want to include

"data mining" +intelligence

Search within a range of numbers

Use two periods .. between the numbers to return results within that range

sea temperature 2012..2017
Search within a website (Google only)

Use site: to search within a particular web address or to limit your results to a domain type

Limit by geographical area or time frame (Google only) Use the Google Tools drop down options to limit to Australian results and/or select a time frame for your results.


In the adjacent Google Scholar Search box, enter some keywords that you identified in your topic analysis

  • Use the left hand menu to limit by date.
  • Have you set your library links? Select the Find it at CSU links to access articles in our collection.
  • You may notice that there is a mix of topics, including health, education etc. Add more keywords to your search to narrow it down.

Using Google Scholar

Using google effectively

Google Scholar

Google Scholar Search


Charles Sturt University acknowledges the traditional custodians of the lands on which its campuses are located, paying respect to Elders, both past and present, and extend that respect to all First Nations Peoples.

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