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ITC506 Research Skills Guide: The Four Ethical Theories

Introduction

For Assessment  3, Task 1 - you need to create a simple argument visualisation using the MindMup software. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue.

For Assessment  3, Task 2 - your are required to apply the classical ethical theories, from Tavani, H.T. (2016). Ethics and Technology: Controversies, Questions, and Strategies for Ethical Computing (5th ed.). Wiley. You will write a report that presents well-reasoned arguments and appropriate recommendations.

Classical ethical theories

Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question “What ought a person to do?” The answer is that a person ought to act so as to maximize happiness or pleasure and to minimize unhappiness or pain.

Deontological ethics, an action is considered morally good because of some characteristic of the action itself, not because the product of the action is good. Deontological ethics holds that at least some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare

Virtue ethics is an approach to ethics that takes the notion of virtue (often conceived as excellence) as fundamental. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties.

Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights and duties of each. In primeval times, according to the theory, individuals were born into an anarchic state of nature, which was happy or unhappy according to the particular version.

From: Encyclopaedia Britannica: Britannica online, Academic edition

Find Peer reviewed articles

Articles published in peer reviewed or refereed journals have been through a formal approval process. This process is intended to ensure that the article is:

  • accurate
  • well-researched
  • contributing to the body of knowledge in the field

To find peer reviewed articles:

  • Select to show only peer reviewed journals in Primo Search
  • Limit to peer reviewed or scholarly journals in journal databases

However, as these options are just an indication of peer review status the definitive way to find out if your article has been peer reviewed is to use Ulrichsweb Global Periodicals Directory.

Peer Review

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