A narrative or traditional literature review is a comprehensive, critical and objective analysis of the current knowledge on a topic. They are an essential part of the research process and help to establish a theoretical framework and focus or context for your research. A literature review will help you to identify patterns and trends in the literature so that you can identify gaps or inconsistencies in a body of knowledge. This should lead you to a sufficiently focused research question that justifies your research.
Onwuegbuzie and Frels (pp 24-25, 2016) define four common types of narrative reviews:
References and additional resources
Baker, J. D. The purpose, process and methods of writing a literature review: Editorial. Association of Operating Room Nurses. AORN Journal, 103(3), 265-269. doi:10.1016/j.aorn.2016.01.016
Machi, L.A. & McEvoy, B.T. (2016) The Literature Review: Six steps to success 3rd edition. Thousand Oaks, California : Corwin, a SAGE Company.
Onwuegbuzie, A. J. & Frels, R. (2016) 7 steps to a comprehensive literature review: A multimodal & cultural approach. London, UK: Sage Publications
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