A topic analysis will help you to clarify and understand what your assessment question is asking you to do.
You will generally be given three key pieces of information:
Let's take a look at the following example:
Question 1 asks you to discuss the impact post operative pain can have on the older person and identify and discuss one evidence based nursing related assessment tool suitable for use with an older person.
|Instruction words||Discuss, identify|
|Qualifying words & phrases||evidence based, nursing related, post operative|
|Key concepts||Pain, pain assessment, impact of pain, older person, assessment tool|
Write down the key concepts from your topic and have a go at brainstorming as many alternative keywords and phrases as possible.
Thinking about your topic in this way forces you to describe your topic in "other words", which will provide you with some useful keyword alternatives as well as help you to cement your understanding of the topic.
For example, the concept of "the older person" or "older people" can be described a number of ways. Some alternative keywords may include: elderly, aged, geriatric, older
Keep in mind that your assessment is asking for Australian information from a Nursing journal, so you will need to think about how you can adjust your search terms to fit these criteria.
Dictionaries and encyclopaedias can help you to find additional keywords and get an overview of the concept.
In the Oxford Reference search box below, enter some of the keywords you've identified from your assessment question and note down any alternate keywords that you find.