|Report component and purpose||Instructions|
Component: Executive Summary
(sometimes called an abstract)
Purpose: to sum up the entire report
(In the real world, this is often the only section of the report that is read.)
Include, in paragraph form, a summary of :
|Component: Table of contents||List the report topics using decimal notation. Include the main headings and sub headings with corresponding page numbers, using a format that makes the hierarchy of the topics clear.|
Purpose: to introduce the topic and objectives of the report
Set the scene; give some background information about the topic. State the aim/purpose of the investigation. Explain the research methods. Outline the sections of the report.
Note; The introduction differs from the executive summary as it introduced the topic, whereas an executive summary summaries each section of the report including the findings and recommendations. Findings and recommendations are not included in an introduction.
Component: Body of the report or discussion
Purpose: to discuss information relevant to the report's objectives and analyse the data that was gathered.
|Organise the sections in a logical sequence: what you investigated, what you found. Include examples to back up your ideas, with particular reference to what you found in research.|
|Component: Conclusion||Sum up what has been achieved and the significance of your findings and your discussion. Have your aims been successful or not? Bring everything together. Do not include new information.|
|Component: Recommendations||What do you recommend as a course of action in light of your findings? Always make sure that the recommendations flow from the conclusions.|
|Component: List of references||List all the sources you referred to in your report in accordance with APA referencing style.|
Faust, J. (2013) General components used in a report [PowerPoint slide]. Retrieved from ALLaN Team resources: Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University also has other services which can help you to get the best possible results for your work:
The Referencing at Charles Sturt University webpage has lots of helpful information about referencing including links to the following resources:
The main referencing style at Charles Sturt University is APA 7th though this is not the only style used at the University and you should check with your lecturer if you are unsure.
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