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BIO216 Research Skills Guide: Primo Search

Citation elements

Looking at your reading list in your Subject Online can give you an idea of the type of resources that your lecturer values.

Understanding the parts of the citations can help you to identify what type of resource it is and where to look to for it. It will also give you a better understanding of how to create references in your assignments.


Book citations should have the following structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Book title in italics. Edition in parentheses. Place of publication and publisher.

Book section/chapter citations should have the following structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Chapter title. Editor name/s. Book title in italics. Page numbers. Place of publication and publisher.

Journal article citations should have the following structure: Author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Article title. Journal title in italics. Volume. Issue in parentheses. Page numbers. Retrieval information.

Webpage citations should have the following structure: Website author/s. Year of publication in parentheses. Page name. Retrieval information.

Using Primo Search

Primo Search is the best place to start your research. It is a way to find most of what is in the library collection using an easy search tool. You will find relevant books and journals, plus other academic materials from DVDs to thesis and eBooks.

You can get to Primo Search from the Library website homepage, or try the Primo Search TRY IT NOW activity.

Use your usual Charles Sturt University username and password to log in to Primo Search. You can search without logging in but you need to log in to request items and see your saved searches.

Primo Search

What is Primo Search?

Finding eReserve Readings